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06 Apr, 2021

A problem-tiger that had attacked and killed one of Bardia National Park's elephant mahout two days ago has been brought to the NTNC-Central Zoo in Jawalakhel today. Including the present incident, camera trap information on-the-ground from Bardia link this particular tiger to three killings altogether—one as recent as March 16, 2021, and before that on November 05, 2019. Overseeing the safe custody of the man-eating tiger at the Central Zoo in Jawalakhel today was the Minister for Forests and Environment Hon. Prem Bahadur Ale, accompanied by NTNC Member Secretary Sharad Chandra Adhikary, NTNC Executive Director Dr. Siddhartha Bajra Bajracharya and DNPWC Ecologist Hari Bhadra Acharya.

On April 04, 31-year-old Mr. Pulishram Chaudhary, who was part of the ongoing national rhino census 2021 team in Bardia National Park, after finishing the day's duty from the scheduled census had gone to the Gaidamachan area (core park area) to collect grass for feeding his elephant. He was attacked at about 17:15 hrs. Upon learning about the incident, a joint team comprising of Bardia National Park (BNP), Nepal Army's Devidatta Batallion and the National Trust for Nature Conservation-Bardia Conservation Program (NTNC-BCP) staff was immediately moved to the tiger kill location.

A technical team of NTNC-BCP with tranquilizer-loaded dart guns then set up the darting mission with shooters perched on trees on the lookout for the tiger’s return to the kill site. Mahout Chaudhary's dead body had been left in the kill spot since tigers are known to eventually return to the kill site. The tiger was back at the site around 19:00 hrs. and instantly darted. Having made the darting operation in the dark, it took more than 45 minutes to find the intoxicated tiger. The tiger had not moved too far and was found lying near the darting site. The rescue team’s veterinary doctor observed the tiger’s health condition, administering necessary medication, after which the tiger was transported to the BNP headquarter in a cage, from where it was scheduled to be moved to the Kathmandu's Central Zoo. Initial observation of the male tiger indicate its age as being about 10 years and is carrying some injuries.

  • Man-eater tiger after being darted and brought under control in Gaidamachan area of Bardia National Park
  • Preparation before the problem tiger is moved to its enclosure at the Central Zoo
  • Problem tiger kept in a cage trolley transported overnight to NTNC-Central Zoo from Bardia
  • NTNC technicians at the Central Zoo prepare to unload the tiger cage
  • Tiger cage trolley transported from Bardia being unloaded at NTNC-Central Zoo
  • NTNC team together with the Hon. Minister Prem Ale help move the trolley cage to its enclosure
  • MoFE Minster Hon. Prem Ale also shared about his recent visit to Bardia NP on April 03, one day before the attack, during which time human-tiger coexistence strategies and community safety was a key agenda discussed with senior DNPWC and NTNC officials
  • DNPWC Ecologist Hari Bhadra Acharya said that the department was mindful of the risks posed by the current situation on local perceptions to tiger conservation and shared about efforts being taken to identify and bring such tigers under control
  • NTNC Member Secretary Sharad Chandra Adhikary thanked Hon. Minister Prem Ale and DNPWC for the leadership and urgent decision, resulting in the immediate and successful capture of the problem tiger right moments after the attack incident
  • Cage trolley being adjusted to the gate of the tiger enclosure at the Central Zoo
  • NTNC-Central Zoo staff readjust the cage trolley at the gate of the tiger enclosure
  • Final moments before moving the tiger from its trolley cage to the enclosure at the Central Zoo
  • First steps of the tiger moving out from its cage and in to its new enclosure
  • Captured problem tiger from Bardia settles in its new enclosure at the Central Zoo

Recently there have been a high number of tiger attacks on humans in Bardia. Only in this fiscal year, problem tigers in Bardia have killed 10 people—five in Khata corridor, three cases inside the national park, and two cases in the buffer zone forest. Fatalities aside, more than half a dozen persons have had to undergo treatment from tiger attack injuries. In response to minimizing the risk of tiger attacks on humans, NTNC has captured four problem tigers (all males) at the request of the government. With the latest incident, NTNC hopes that all of the problem tigers will be captured and future terror by tigers on people will abate.

With the admission of this tiger, there are now five tigers presently at the Central Zoo. All of them have been problem-causing tigers at various times. In spite of NTNC-Central Zoo's rescue and rehabilitation capacity, and in light of its space limitations, the Hon. Minister Prem Ale today pointed to his ministry's priority for establishing provincial-level zoo facilities that are able to deal with urgent wildlife crisis situations such as these. The minister said "I expect NTNC to take lead in this area which will be crucial for ensuring that conservation and local communities continue to co-exist in harmony."


Why are tiger attack cases seen increasing?

  • Tigers prefer undisturbed forests. Records from the national park show that since the COVID-19 lockdown in March-end last year, the number of people entering forests have increased by 300 percent. Increase in the number of tiger attacks is thus directly associated with increased human activities inside forests. To reduce the frequency of tiger attacks, people should refrain from entering the core park areas, which are wild tiger territories. People entering inside forests should take extra precautions.
  • Tigers moving outside core park areas is potentially also due to increased territorial fighting between tigers. Consequently territorially displaced and/or injured tigers are known to venture outside their core habitats to find prey. This often motivates them to come nearer human settlements, thus exacerbating conflict situations.

NTNC's response measures for mitigating tiger-human conflict cases are focused on:

  • Reducing human disturbances inside the core areas of the park and wildlife corridors.
  • Identifying and handling problem tigers immediately. 
  • Continuous monitoring of tigers that are using the habitats next to human settlements. 
  • Promoting alternate livelihoods and income opportunities that help reduce local community's forest dependency.


El hecho es que a los bancos les resulta favorable tratar con clientes estables y solventes. Los prestatarios con un historial crediticio perfecto son menos arriesgados para el banco, por lo que disponen de plazos más largos y tipos más atractivos. Si la calificación préstamos en línea al instante de una persona es baja, las probabilidades de que incumpla un pago o no pueda devolver la deuda son mucho mayores. Por lo tanto, los bancos le ofrecerán préstamos a un tipo más alto para compensar el riesgo de impago.

¿Es posible mejorar la calificación crediticia de un prestatario?

Sí, es posible. Un mal historial crediticio puede solaparse con uno bueno con el tiempo si el prestatario pide, por ejemplo, pequeños préstamos y los devuelve sistemáticamente a tiempo. También puede utilizar una tarjeta de crédito y hacer los pagos mensuales a tiempo o pedir un préstamo por una pequeña cantidad.